Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of an area of skin caused by increased melanin. This condition may be caused by sun damage, inflammation, or other skin injuries, including those related to acne vulgaris. People with darker Asian, Mediterranean, or African skin tones are also more prone to hyperpigmentation, especially if they have excess sun exposure.
Hyperpigmentation can be diffuse or focal, affecting such areas as the face and the back of the hands. Melanin is produced by melanocytes at the lower layer of the epidermis. Melanin is a class of pigment responsible for producing color in the body in places such as the eyes, skin, and hair. As the body ages, melanocyte distribution becomes less diffuse and its regulation less controlled by the body. UV light stimulates melanocyte activity, and where concentrations of the cells are denser than surrounding areas, hyperpigmentation is effected. Another form of hyperpigmentation is post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. These are dark and discolored spots that appear on your skin following acne that has healed.
There are several types of hyperpigmentation including, but not limited to:
- Freckles – Small brown spots or specs that can appear anywhere on the body or face. Freckles are an inherited characteristic and are triggered by sun exposure.
- Sun /Age spots – Small darkened patches or splothces on the face, hands or other over exposed areas on the body from frequent sun exposure.
- Melasma /Chloasma – This condition can be similar in appearance to the sun spots but the area the pigmentation covers is normally larger and results from hormonal changes. Melasma is often found in pregnant women.
- Post-inflammatory pigmentation – Skin conditions such as acne can leave darker areas after the skin condition has gone away, this is due to a over production of melanin during the skin undergoing irritation, inflammation and healing. Cuts, open wounds or surgery can also leave this type of pigmentation.
Citrus Skin Studio has treatment programs to treat mild to moderate cases of hyperpigmentation. This is an eight to twelve week treatment program, which combines in-office treatments with a home care regimen and will result in significant improvement of your condition. This program includes peels spaced at intervals to lighten the skin.
For more information on this program, or to schedule an appointment please contact us.